Southern Railway Southerner to NYC #TrainThursday

Southern Railway Southerner to NYC #TrainThursday

Southern Railway Southerner train ran from New Orleans to New York City.

southern railway southerner

Southern Railway Southerner

Two EMD E-6 “A” units pull the Southern Railway Southerner train, southbound over Lake Pontchartrain. The photo is undated, but likely from the late 1940s/early 1950s. The Southerner operated from 1941 to 1970. The train used Pullman-Standard cars, delivered to Southern in March, 1941. By 1970, ridership on the Southerner and its companion route, the Crescent, dwindled. Southern Railway combined the two routes. They re-named the combined service the “Southern Crescent.” The Southern Crescent ran from 1970 until Amtrak took over passenger service in 1971. The Southern train became the Amtrak Crescent.

Southerner vs Crescent

There were two main differences between the Southerner and its older companion, the Crescent. First was the route. While the Crescent used a coastal route, the Southerner went more inland through Alabama and Mississippi.


Southerner’s route

  • Atlanta, GA
  • Anniston, AL
  • Birmingham, AL
  • Tuscaloosa, AL
  • Meridian, MS
  • Laurel, MS
  • Hattiesburg, MS
  • Picayune, MS
  • Slidell, LA
  • New Orleans, LA

Crescent’s Route

  • Atlanta, GA
  • West Point, GA
  • Auburn, AL
  • Montgomery, AL
  • Flomaton, AL
  • Mobile, AL
  • Pascagoula, MS
  • Biloxi, MS
  • Edgewater Park, MS
  • Bay St. Louis, MS
  • New Orleans, LA

(note: this is from a 1950 timetable; some stops omitted.)

Destination Stations

The Southern Railway Southerner used Terminal Station on Canal and Basin Streets. The New Orleans Terminal Company built the station in 1908. New Orleans and Northeastern Railroad trains used this station prior to that railroad’s acquisition by Southern. Southern shared Terminal Station with the Gulf, Mobile, and Ohio Railroad. The Southerner crossed Lake Pontchartrain via Southern’s “five-mile bridge.”

The Crescent crossed Lake Pontchartrain via the Rigolets bridge. It arrived at the Louisville and Nashville Station at the head of Canal Street. That train’s final leg traveled over L&N tracks, through Alabama and Mississippi. After 1954, both trains arrived and departed from Union Passenger Terminal, on Loyola Avenue.

Use of other railroad’s right-of-way forced the consolidation of Southerner and Crescent in 1970. L&N discontinued passenger service that year. Southern Railway Southerner’s route became the Southern Crescent’s. The combined train operated exclusively on Southern track.

Southerner consist

The Pullman-Standard consists:

  • Baggage-dormitory-coach (22 seats)
  • 52-seat coach
  • 56-seat coach
  • Dining car
  • Two additional 56-seat coaches
  • Tavern-lounge-observation car.

Prior to the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the 52-seat coach was partitioned/segregated. Sleeper service was added to the Southern Railway Southerner in 1951.

Norfolk Southern Lake Pontchartrain Bridge – longest in the world

Norfolk Southern Lake Pontchartrain Bridge – longest in the world

Norfolk Southern Lake Pontchartrain Bridge is the longest train bridge in the world.


Norfolk Southern Lake Pontchartrain Bridge


Rail operations around New Orleans require crossing over water. Lots of water. Eastbound trains traveled over land. They crossed the Chef Menteur Pass and Rigolets Pass. This lengthened trips. So, crossing Lake Pontchartrain rather than going around it made sense, but it was a challenge. The New Orleans and Northeastern Railroad accepted the challenge in 1883. The NO&NE was incorporated in 1868 as the Mandeville and Sulphur Springs Railroad. It became the NO&NE in 1871. The railroad completed track construction in 1883. William Harris Hardy, a NO&NE vice-president, proposed the bridge in 1883. The railroad built the Lake Pontchartrain bridge the following year. Hardy rode the first train across the bridge in November, 1884.

Swamp on either side

The bridge spans 5.8 miles of open water, but its length covered an additional 15 miles of marsh. The southern approach required 12 miles of bridge and an additional 3 miles on the north end. So, the bridge is the longest railroad bridge in the world. In 1896, the railroad modified the bridge. They built embankments on both sides. So, the bridge itself only spans the 5.8 miles across the lake.

NO&NE to Southern Railway


Southern Railway acquired NO&NE in 1916. While it was part of the Southern Railway system, it maintained a bit of its original identity. Equipment operating on NO&NE carried the original railroad’s sub-lettering, below the Southern Railway identification.
In 1969, Southern Railway fully merged NO&NE into their Alabama Great Southern subsidiary. NO&NE ceased to exist. Southern Railway merged in 1990 to become Norfolk Southern. Norfolk Southern owns/operates the bridge today.


Hurricane Katrina wiped out 5 of the 5.8 miles of track on the bridge in 2005. So,NS immediately began repairs to this critical connection. The first train after the hurricane crossed the lake sixteen days later.

Trains on the bridge


Freight trains regularly cross the bridge daily. The Amtrak Crescent (#19 and #20) use the bridge to travel from New Orleans to New York City’s Penn Station daily as well.

Fishing Shack in the Rigolets, artist Jane Smith Ninas

Fishing Shack in the Rigolets, artist Jane Smith Ninas

Fishing Shack in the Rigolets

Fishing Shack in the Rigolets

Fishing Shack in the Rigolets, 1943, by Jane Smith Ninas

1943 – Fishing Shack in the Rigolets

I spent some time this afternoon, looking in a couple of photo collections for local Radio Shacks. It’s part of a new project, a Facebook group for sharing memories of New Orleans stores. The name of the group is New Orleans Shopping, so please feel free to click through and join. So, I didn’t come up with any Radio Shack photos right off, but I did come up with a lot of “shacks”. This painting caught my eye, thought I’d share.

Fishing Camps around New Orleans

We’ve got fishing camps (no Realtor is going to call your grandpa’s camp a “shack”) all over Southeast Louisiana. Some are simple, others are palaces out in the wetlands. The Rigolets pass, along with Chef Menteur Pass, are the two bodies of water connecting Lake Pontchartrain with Lake Borgne. Lots of good fishing and crabbing out along those passes.

Ninas’ painting includes many of the components one would expect in and around a local fishing camp. It’s raised on pilings. Around the shack are various dockside items for keeping and maintaining small fishing boats The shack is on the ground, next to the pass. While most fishing camps on the lake are over water, this shack is on the shore..Usually, a pier connects the camp to shore. Owners of fishing camps in te 1930s-1940s likely kept their boats by the camp. So, there’s a hoist behind the shack, where the boat could be raised. They could work on the boat while out of the water. It’s also a good way to secure the boat, raise it up, then lock down the hoist. These days, it’s more likely the owner puts their boat on a trailer and bring it home.

Jane Smith Ninas

Jane Ninas, nee Smith, is the artist. She married artist Paul Ninas, in 1933, but then left him and married photographer Walker Evans. She passed away in 2005, at the age of 92.